Monday, April 26, 2010

Useless Sundry Information and The Real Cost Of War


A photo I took a long time ago I call, "Footprints on the Beach", Near Ferndale, CA around 1990. Appropo for the references of the beach at Normandy, France in 1944

Thank all of you for visiting the art auction that I had posted during the last week. I bid on two items and seems that I won them both. They will grace our Days of the Dead display next November.

I have stayed very busy and it looks as though this will remain the trend right on through Summer. Every day I hear about something or some event or I am asked to attend this or that. Now, there is a mini-reunion in the works for later in June with all my cousins on my Dad’s side of the family. I have absolutely no problem changing my plans to attend this event. I was going to be out in Northern California, but I’ll just start the trip a little earlier and head back home in time to make the party.

There are more events coming up in May. Every weekend is full on the calendar and the days of the week are filled with doctor’s appointments, work at the food shelf and general get-something-done-and-finish-the-projects-you-started-like-the-downstairs-bathroom!

So, just for a complete change of pace and some mind fodder for you the reader to read and take a look at, I am posting some very interesting and historical photos. I received these some time ago from a friend that I shared military service with in the 1960’s. It was a whole Keynote presentation. I have copied just seven of these amazing photographs for this post. The entire project has over 40.

If you can, go back to World War II and the invasion of Normandy.


These comparison photos are actual before and after shots of buildings and street scenes from the Allied occupation after June of 1944 and those taken at the same places fifty or more years later.

Having been in the American war in Vietnam, I have seen places where I have served blown to bits, but never have seen any pictures of any rebuilding that has taken place, nor do I know if anything like that has ever been done. Maybe some day I will return to Vietnam, but as of now, there are no such plans in my future.

But I do have some facts about Vietnam and the years the United States was involved there. These statistics are staggering. I will print them after this paragraph and intersperse the before and after pictures from Normandy amongst them. I'm sure statistics such as these will be maintained about the progresss of the current wars the United States is fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. (Click on any photo for an enlarged view).

These statistics were taken from a variety of sources to include: The VFW Magazine, the Public Information Office, and the HQ CP Forward Observer - 1st Recon April 12, 1997. Read these facts and get a sense of the real cost of war to our families, communities and our countries.

STATISTICS FOR INDIVIDUALS IN UNIFORM AND IN COUNTRY VIETNAM VETERANS:

"Of the 2,709,918 Americans who served in Vietnam , Less than 850,000 are estimated to be alive today, with the youngest American Vietnam veteran's age approximated to be 54 years old."

* 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the Vietnam Era (August 5, 1964 - May 7, 1975).

* 8,744,000 GIs were on active duty during the war (Aug 5, 1964-March 28,1973).

* 2,709,918 Americans served in Vietnam , this number represents 9.7% of their generation.

* 3,403,100 (Including 514,300 offshore) personnel served in the broader Southeast Asia Theater ( Vietnam , Laos , Cambodia , flight crews based in Thailand , and sailors in adjacent South China Sea waters).



* 2,594,000 personnel served within the borders of South Vietnam (Jan. 1,1965 - March 28, 1973). Another 50,000 men served in Vietnam between 1960 and 1964.

* Of the 2.6 million, between 1-1.6 million (40-60%) either fought in combat, provided close support or were at least fairly regularly exposed to enemy attack.

* 7,484 women (6,250 or 83.5% were nurses) served in Vietnam .

* Peak troop strength in Vietnam : 543,482 (April 30, 1968).



CASUALTIES:

The first man to die in Vietnam was James Davis, in 1958. He was with the 509th Radio Research Station. Davis Station in Saigon was named for him.

Hostile deaths: 47,378

Non-hostile deaths: 10,800

Total: 58,202 (Includes men formerly classified as MIA and Mayaguez casualties). Men who have subsequently died of wounds acco unt for the changing total.



8 nurses died -- 1 was KIA.

61% of the men killed were 21 or younger.

11,465 of those killed were younger than 20 years old.

Of those killed, 17,539 were married.

Average age of men killed: 23.1 years



Total Deaths: 23.11 years

Enlisted: 50,274 22.37 years

Officers: 6,598 28.43 years

Warrants: 1,276 24.73 years

E1: 525 20.34 years

11B MOS: 18,465 22.55 years

Five men killed in Vietnam were only 16 years old.



The oldest man killed was 62 years old.

Highest state death rate: West Virginia - 84.1% (national average 58.9% for every 100,000 males in 1970).

Wounded: 303,704 -- 153,329 hospitalized + 150,375 injured requiring no hospital care.

Severely disabled: 75,000, -- 23,214: 100% disabled; 5,283 lost limbs; 1,081 sustained multiple amputations.

Amputation or crippling wounds to the lower extremities were 300% higher than in WWII and 70% higher than Korea .

Multiple amputations occurred at the rate of 18.4% compared to 5.7% in WWII.

Missing in Action: 2,338

POWs: 766 (114 died in captivity)

As of January 15, 2004, there are 1,875 Americans still unaccounted for from the Vietnam War.

DRAFTEES VS. VOLUNTEERS:

25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. (66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII).

Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam .

Reservists killed: 5,977

National Guard: 6,140 served: 101 died.

Total draftees (1965 - 73): 1,728,344.

Actually served in Vietnam : 38% Marine Corps Draft: 42,633.

Last man drafted: June 30, 1973.



RACE AND ETHNIC BACKGROUND:

88.4% of the men who actually served in Vietnam were Caucasian; 10.6% (275,000) were black; 1% belonged to other races.

86.3% of the men who died in Vietnam were Caucasian (includes Hispanics);

12.5% (7,241) were black; 1.2% belonged to other races.

170,000 Hispanics served in Vietnam ; 3,070 (5.2% of total) died there.

70% of enlisted men killed were of North-west European descent.

86.8% of the men who were killed as a result of hostile action were Caucasian; 12.1% (5,711) were black; 1.1% belonged to other races.

14.6% (1,530) of non-combat deaths were among blacks.

34% of blacks who enlisted volunteered for the combat arms.

Overall, blacks suffered 12.5% of the deaths in Vietnam at a time when the percentage of blacks of military age was 13.5% of the total population.



Religion of Dead:

Protestant -- 64.4%; Catholic -- 28.9%; other/none -- 6.7%

SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS:

Vietnam veterans have a lower unemployment rate than the same non-vet age groups.

Vietnam veterans' personal income exceeds that of our non-veteran age group by more than 18 percent.

76% of the men sent to Vietnam were from lower middle/working class backgrounds.

Three-fourths had family incomes above the poverty level; 50% were from middle income backgrounds.

Some 23% of Vietnam vets had fathers with professional, managerial or technical occupations.

79% of the men who served in Vietnam had a high school education or better when they entered the military service. 63% of Korean War vets and only 45% of WWII vets had completed high school upon separation.

Deaths by region per 100,000 of population: South -- 31%, West --29.9%; Midwest -- 28.4%; Northeast -- 23.5%.


There is more information available. If you are interested in receiving the entire Vietnam statistics report and/or the Normandy Keynote Presentation, let me know via e-mail and I’ll send them along. In the meantime, have a great day.

Peace.

11 comments:

Christopher said...

This is a great post, Spadoman. Thank you for going to such immense trouble to harvest all this very telling information. I have a stepson-in-law in Orange County CA who served as a pointsman in Vietnam, so I'm aware of some the perspectives you develop so cogently.

Also, although the Normandy beaches are a long way from where we live in the Deep South of France, we have been there and can confirm that there are now few relics of the damage that was done. Worst to suffer in the months after D-Day was the town of Caen (subject of the photo with the memorial column), which has been entirely rebuilt and has an air of newness about it even though the original buildings were restored rather than rebuilt. Our nearest invasion beaches over which US troops surged in August 1944 alongside their French comrades-in-arms are in Provence, where the combat was short and sharp and damage was much more limited.

Sorry to be so greedy with your comment space.

Pax vobiscum

rebecca said...

first, thank you for your participation in the shrine auction. i am thrilled especially for your dancing skeletons!! one of my personal favorites! and you also managed to acquire stephanie's delightful piece. they will be thrilled to know the place of honor each will receive in your dia de los muertos celebration.
you will be amused to know they are dear friends and host an amazing online event called dia de bloglandia.
i am sure you will love participating in this yourself.
you can find both their blog links on the side bar of my blog. the journey there will be well worth your time.

thank you for your recognition of those who served in vietnam. my father was a corpsman in da nang, he was navy, detached with the marines. he was also one on the oldest serving in vietnam. he turned 45 while there.
what i want to share with you is that my mother went with an amazing group to vietnam. a service group created by a vet who wrestled with the destruction and loss from his years there. part of his own coming to terms was to create this group. they take a yearly trip to vietnam and each excursion is thoughtfully crafted to take those who have served or family members back to the key places of their or their loved ones time there. there is significant service work involved. my mother loved her trip made in honor of my father. it remains one of the most significant journeys of her life.
i will get back to you with the name of that group...

Stephanie said...

Wow....sobering to see these facts side by side. And interesting to see the images, how we carry on.

hoping for peace, one day.
x..x

p.s.
I'm so happy that you will have my shrine. I'm sure Rebecca will send along all the info and I will get it off to you soon.

stephanie

Fire Byrd said...

I've been on the beaches here and stood on Pegasus Bridge, very humbling to stand in these places and know how many people died for me to be able to do that.
And very sobering to read the Vietnam lists.
War sucks , end of.

susan said...

Excellent post, Spadoman, and the comparison photographs are a great counterpoint.

My father was at Normandy on D-Day but was lucky to be part of the flotilla of ships that stood off shore rather than be in the heart of that terrible battle.

Some friends of mine were invited to North Vietnam a few years ago to participate in a sculpture for peace program.

I hope the idea of peace catches on here someday.

Mel said...

Some things can be restored. The photos are amazing....and sad.....

It all makes me somber...and sad.

((((((( Spadoman )))))))))

I, Like The View said...

those statistics render me speechless

I'll return when I have something eloquent to say

peace

susanna said...

Very interesting facts and photographs about both wars. I was a kid living in Canada during the Vietnam War and I remember seeing b&w images on the television from there. It wasn't until I was a teenager and saw war photographs and watched Hollywood movies about the Vietnam War that I began to see how deeply that war impacted Americans as a whole. It's hard to believe that so many Vietnam vets have passed on already...it doesn't seem that long ago... One thing that I really appreciate about this post is that you are able to voice your opinion about that war and the current wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. You're opinion matters!

Have you ever seen the movie Wings of Desire? It's slow but beautifully shot. In any case, there's a long scene where an older actor sits in the back of a cab while the driver takes him through Berlin to a WWII film shoot. As he looks through the window at modern Berlin, old film footage from just after the war takes its place so the viewer can compare the city then and now.

And I'm so glad that you won my shrine. After I read your comment, I told Rebecca that I was all ready to forget the auction and mail you the piece! Your bid will help kids in Oaxaca receive an education. Thank you for that.

susanna said...

Oops! I meant to write your opinion matters!

Spadoman said...

Thank you all for your comments and for stopping by here at Round Circle.

Peace. Above all, Peace.

mig said...

Yes, above all, peace.
It's terrible to know that war still goes on today all over the world. And worse, that in spite of the things we could have learnt from the statistics you so tellingly quote, the countries that fought those wars are still prepared to fight now. Still sending young people off to die and suffer. And for no better reasons than before and seemingly with no better results.
Peace.